• Name means “deliverance” or “salvation” (a form of the name Yeshua or “Joshua”; in the NT equivalent to the name “Jesus”).
• Hosea prophesied to the Northern Kingdom of Israel c. 750-725 BC.
• Outwardly Israel was prosperous; inwardly morally corrupt.
• Hosea’s wife’s infidelity paralleled Israel’s spiritual adultery; Hosea’s loyalty paralleled God’s continued love and faithfulness.
Message of Hosea
• God hates sin.
• God’s love is steadfast.
• Call for repentance.
• Warning of certain judgment.
• Hosea 14:9, “Who is wise? Let him understand these things. Who is prudent? Let him know them. For the ways of the LORD are right; The righteous walk in them. But transgressors stumble in them.”
• Name means “Yahweh is God.”
• This particular Joel is not mentioned anywhere else in the OT; named once in the NT (Acts 2:16).
• Prophesied to the Southern Kingdom of Judah during the reign of Joash (c. 835-796 BC).
• A locust plague has devastated the land, which serves to illustrate the coming day of the LORD’s judgment.
Message of Joel
• As bad as the locust plague has been, the day of the LORD’s judgment will be even worse!
• A call for heart-felt repentance.
• The day of the LORD’s judgment will be preceded by a great outpouring of God’s Spirit (2:28-32).
• Fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost followed by Jerusalem’s destruction four decades later (Acts 2:16-21).
• Joel 2:32a, “And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved …” (see Acts 2:21, 37-41; 22:16).
• Name means “Burden-Bearer.”
• Amos was a shepherd and a fig farmer in Judah (not a religious professional!).
• A message of divine judgment against Israel, Judah, and surrounding nations (Syrians, Philistines, Phoenicians, Edomites, Ammonites, Moabites).
• God holds all people accountable for their actions.
Message of Amos
• Despite the appearance of prosperity and achievement, there is impending judgment against Israel because of religious hypocrisy, greed, and injustice.
• Surrounding nations will not escape judgment.
• A call for repentance.
• Fulfilled in 722 BC when the Assyrians conquered Israel.
• Amos 5:14, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live; So the LORD God of hosts will be with you, as you have spoken.”
--Kevin L. Moore