• Name means “Worshiper or Servant of Yahweh.”
• The shortest book of the OT.
• The Babylonians have conquered Judah (586 BC) with the help of Judah’s neighbor the Edomites.
Message of Obadiah
• Divine judgment against the nation of Edom.
• God’s people will be restored.
• Obadiah 1:10, “For violence against your brother Jacob, shame shall cover you, and you shall be cut off forever.”
• The Edomites were driven out of their land by the Nabateans in the 4th century BC and had vanished from history by the end of the 1st century AD.
• Name means “dove.”
• Jonah lived in the 8th century BC (2 Kgs 14:25).
• The book of Jonah is not the message from a prophet but a series of events in the life of a prophet.
• Jonah ran from God (chap. 1), then to God (chap. 2), then with God (chap. 3); then was taught by God (chap. 4).
Message of Jonah
• God is a universal God who cares for all people, even heathen nations.
• God extends his love even to non-Jewish people in the OT, providing opportunity to come to him.
• Jonah was a reluctant missionary, demonstrating resistance to God’s desire for a light-shining people (Ex. 19:3-9; Isa. 43:8-13; Acts 13:47; etc.).
• Jonah 4:2b, “for I know that you are a gracious and merciful God, slow to anger and abundant in loving-kindness, One who relents from doing harm.”
• Name means “Who is like Yahweh.”
• Prophesied in Judah (c. 735-700 BC); contemporary of Isaiah.
• Quoted by Jeremiah about a century later (Jer. 26:18-19).
• Rebukes particularly the wealthy and powerful in Judah for their mistreatment of the poor.
Message of Micah
• Exposes and rebukes the sins of his people.
• Warning of God’s judgment.
• Promise of redemption.
• Messianic hope.
• Micah 6:8, “He has shown you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you but to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?”
• Name means “Comfort or Consolation.”
• Prophesied in Judah c. 625-612 BC.
• Contemporaries: Jeremiah, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, all prophesied against Judah.
• About a century prior to Nahum’s ministry, God had given the people of Nineveh the opportunity to repent through Jonah’s preaching.
• Now they have reverted back to their old sinful ways, and Nahum prophesies against them.
• Nineveh is the capital of Assyria.
Message of Nahum
• This message of doom against the people of Nineveh was probably intended to give comfort to the people of Judah, who were being afflicted by the Assyrians.
• God is in control.
• God is patient, but it is not limitless.
• God hates evil and holds sinners accountable.
• God does not forsake his people.
• Nahum 1:7, “The LORD is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble; and he knows those who trust in him.”
--Kevin L. Moore
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